国際比較神話学会（International Association for Comparative Mythology）http://www.compmyth.org/
私は“Master of Animals” of the Ainuと題して発表します。
Many scholars have pointed out that the concept of “master/lord of animals,” i.e. “the concept of a special type of deity or spirit that reigns over the animal kingdom” (O. Zerries in Encyclopedia of Religion, 2nd ed., Vol. 8, 2005), is of great importance in the worldview of hunting peoples. It appears in Africa, Americas, North Eurasia and so on. It is one of the oldest mythical ideas of the mankind.
The Ainu in Hokkaido (formerly also in Sakhalin, the Kurile Islands, and North Honshu) have been mainly hunting and gathering, together with simple horticulture. Studies argue that they also possess mythical tales concerning the “master of animals.” In this paper the author examines the relevant variants recorded by Y. Chiri, K. Kindaichi, I. Kubodera among others. They tell that the deer deity (yuk kor kamuy) and the fish (especially salmon) deity (cep kor kamuy), angry at the Ainu’s insulting ways of treating games, stop providing them with deer and fish. Then apologies from the human side led them to take deer hairs and fish scales out of a bag, which change into real creatures.
Interestingly, animals are said to be kept also in a bag among the Negidal, in a box among the Nivkh, in a house among the Inuit. In future studies, such local features as this should be compared and further explored.
Radcliffe Exploratory Seminar on Comparative Mythologyも開かれ、http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~sanskrit/2010/oct6-7/home.html